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Ruben Verborgh

Functional Composition of Sensor Web APIs

by Ruben Verborgh, Vincent Haerinck, Thomas Steiner, Davy Van Deursen, Sofie Van Hoecke, Jos De Roo, Rik Van de Walle, and Joaquim Gabarró Vallés

Web APIs are becoming an increasingly popular alternative to the more heavy-weight Web services. Recently, they also have been used in the context of sensor networks. However, making different Web APIs (and thus sensors) cooperate often requires a significant amount of manual configuration. Ideally, we want Web APIs to behave like Linked Data, where data from different sources can be combined in a straightforward way. Therefore, in this paper, we show how Web APIs, semantically described by the lightweight format RESTdesc, can be composed automatically based on their functionality. Moreover, the composition process does not require specific tools, as compositions are created by generic Semantic Web reasoners as part of a proof. We then indicate how the composition in this proof can be executed. We describe our architecture and implementation, and validate that proof-based composition is a feasible strategy on a Web scale. Our measurements indicate that current reasoners can integrate compositions of more than 200 Web APIs in under one second. This makes proof-based composition a practical choice for today’s Web APIs.

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Published in 2012 in Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Semantic Sensor Networks.

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Cite this article easily using its BibTeX entry:

@inproceedings{verborgh_ssn_2012,
  author = {Verborgh, Ruben and Haerinck, Vincent and Steiner, Thomas and Van Deursen, Davy and Van Hoecke, Sofie and De Roo, Jos and Van de Walle, Rik and Gabarr\'o Vall\'es, Joaquim},
  title = {Functional Composition of Sensor {Web APIs}},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Semantic Sensor Networks},
  year = 2012,
  month = nov,
  series = {CEUR Workshop Proceedings},
  volume = 904,
  issn = {1613-0073},
  url = {http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-904/paper6.pdf},
}

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IEEE
R. Verborgh, V. Haerinck, T. Steiner, D. Van Deursen, S. Van Hoecke, J. De Roo, R. Van de Walle, and J. Gabarró Vallés, “Functional Composition of Sensor Web APIs,” in Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Semantic Sensor Networks, 2012, vol. 904.
ACM
Ruben Verborgh et al. 2012. Functional Composition of Sensor Web APIs. In Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Semantic Sensor Networks. CEUR Workshop Proceedings.
LNCS
Verborgh, R., Haerinck, V., Steiner, T., Van Deursen, D., Van Hoecke, S., De Roo, J., Van de Walle, R., Gabarró Vallés, J.: Functional Composition of Sensor Web APIs. In: Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Semantic Sensor Networks (2012).
APA
Verborgh, R., Haerinck, V., Steiner, T., Van Deursen, D., Van Hoecke, S., De Roo, J., … Gabarró Vallés, J. (2012). Functional Composition of Sensor Web APIs. In Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Semantic Sensor Networks (Vol. 904).
MLA
Verborgh, Ruben et al. “Functional Composition of Sensor Web APIs.” Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Semantic Sensor Networks. Vol. 904. 2012. Print. CEUR Workshop Proceedings.

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